In August Iran’s internet faced two main issues. Firstly, the aggressive disruption of circumvention tools including 184.108.40.206, and the second relating to failures in Tehran’s Milad Tower, where an unpaid electric bill plunged a number of its data centers into darkness, knocking a number of websites hosted on them offline.
Our day-by-day analysis of key disruption incidents in August follows:
August 2 – Outage in Kerman ISP
Atrin Communications and Information Technology Co. is an ISP servicing Kerman province. On August 2 the provider went almost entirely offline during the morning, and subsequently failed to provide any explanation to its customers.
August 6-9 – Circumvention Tools Disrupted
Based on reports that Filterwatch received from users in Iran, circumvention tools were disrupted heavily between August 6-9. These included 220.127.116.11 and public Outline servers.
Kiarash Eghbali, the editor of iranimages.com tweeted on August 8 blaming Jahromi for the disruption in the network in Iran, saying that during his time in office, Iran’s restricted internet has declined even further in quality.
On August 9 another user tweeted: “The 18.104.22.168 circumvention tool – which was excellent – is completely disconnected…”.
Based on Filterwatch’s research, those who were using private circumvention tools were able to bypass internet censorship. For example, users who run their own Outline servers were able to circumvent internet censorship during this period of disruption.
August 8 – Arvan Cloud Disruption
Based on OIM data, at midnight on August 8 AS202468 (Arvan Cloud) experienced a brief disruption. The cause was unclear, and no details were provided.
August 12 – Power Outages in Tehran Cause Disconnections
According to IRIB News, power outages in Milad Tower caused network disruption for companies that used data centers located in the building. According to reports, the power outages occurred because Milad Tower failed to pay its electricity bills. In May 2020 power outages caused significant disruptions for customers of the ISP Pars Online.
Based on OIM data, AS50269 GuilaNet was briefly disconnected from the internet in the very early morning of August 12. This company provides e-banking solutions and secure banking communication equipment.
According to OIM data, at around midnight on August 12 the Research Center of Theoretical Physics & Mathematics (IPM) experienced brief disruptions. IPM previously went almost entirely offline on June 16. IPM is responsible for managing top-level domains (TLDs) in Iran, including the .ir TLD.